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About the Council of Baltic sea States

The Council of Baltic sea States (CBSS) established March 5-6, 1992, in Copenhagen at the conference of foreign Ministers of the countries of the Baltic sea. It included Germany, Denmark, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Russia, Finland, Sweden, Estonia, and the European Commission. In 1995 joined the CBSS Iceland.

A number of countries (Belarus, great Britain, Spain, Italy, Netherlands, Romania, Slovakia, USA, Ukraine and France) are in the CBSS observer status. Application for full membership submitted by Belarus and France.

The highest body of the CBSS is the session at the level of foreign Ministers, which meets every two years (annually until 2003) in the country, which is currently the Chairman of the Board. Following the results of session policy documents are accepted. Last — the 17th meeting of foreign Ministers was held on 5 February 2012 in the castle Plön (Schleswig-Holstein, Germany) and was timed to the 20th anniversary of the establishment of the Council.

The chairmanship of the Council shall be in accordance with the rotation for a term of one year. Russia's presidency of the CBSS in 2001-2002. Our country again assumed the presidency of the CBSS in the period from 1 July 2012 until 30 June 2013, Then the presidency will go to Finland.

In accordance with the established practice of the Ministerial session of the CBSS alternate with conducted every two years by meetings of heads of governments of the Baltic sea States. The first of these was held in may 1996 in Visby (Sweden), fourth in June 2002 in St. Petersburg.The eighth summit of heads of government of the CBSS was held in Vilnius on 1-2 June 2010 and ended with the adoption of politically succinct Declaration "view of the Baltic sea region in 2020", defines the main directions of Baltic cooperation. Last — the 9th meeting of heads of governments was held on 30-31 may In Stralsund (Germany).

In the framework of the CBSS was created a special group of their representatives: for combating organized crime (1996), human trafficking (2006).

Current issues of the organization, a discussion of practical aspects of cooperation, training sessions and summits of the Council's Committee of senior officials, composed of representatives of the Ministry of foreign Affairs of member countries and meets regularly (approximately every two months). Every year there are meetings of the CSO with representatives of the directorates of the European Commission to discuss the development of the Baltic sea region, as well as consultations with the countries-observers.

In 1998, to provide administrative and technical support Baltic cooperation established permanent Secretariat of the CBSS (located in Stockholm, funded by assessed contributions of member countries of the Council).

In the framework of the CBSS has a number of Expert groups on nuclear and radiation safety, on sustainable development – Baltic 21", Maritime policy, on children at risk, youth. The chairmanship of the expert groups is also carried out on a rotational basis.

Format CBSS meetings of heads of branch ministries and departments of the countries-participants of the Council (environment, economy and trade, energy, transport, Finance and taxation, culture, customs and border control, Prosecutor's supervision, etc.).

Under the auspices of the Council has formed specialized agencies working structures, such as the monitoring group on cultural heritage preservation, a group of senior officials on culture, the forum of energy co-operation (BASREC), group on cooperation in the tax area, etc.

The priorities of the Russian presidency in the CBSS announced the development of cooperation in the field of modernization and innovation with a focus on cluster growth and yield in perspective on the formation of regional partnerships in this area, the establishment of a network of PPP for the purpose of simulation Baltic space" of PPP as a sustainable growth platform with the establishment of the regional equity Fund, promotion of the traditions of tolerance as a means of counteracting the tendencies of radicalism and extremism, the promotion of contacts between people and the facilitation of the visa regime.



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